Can Seagulls Eat Bread? (Explained)

I'm a passionate writer, a blogger and a web designer. I spend most of my time surfing the internet and writing quality articles.

Seagulls are a common sight near bodies of water, and they often scavenge for food. One of the most popular foods that seagulls eat is bread.

In this article, we’ll talk about what type of bread they can eat, the health risks associated with feeding them too much bread, and what other food sources they need to stay healthy.

Can you feed seagulls bread?

While it is a common practice, feeding seagulls bread is not recommended as their digestive systems are not designed to process it efficiently.

Bread lacks the essential nutrients seagulls need to stay healthy. Feeding them bread in excess can lead to malnutrition and even hinder their ability to forage for natural foods.

What can you feed seagulls?

When considering feeding seagulls, it is important to be mindful of their dietary needs and the potential impact of human food on their health. While many people may offer bread to seagulls, it is worth noting that this may not be the best option for their nutrition.

Bread lacks the essential nutrients seagulls require for a balanced diet, and consuming too much can lead to health issues for the birds.

Instead, individuals can opt to feed seagulls more suitable options such as small fish, insects, or natural foods found in their environment. So, what can you feed seagulls? It’s best to stick to foods that align with their natural diet for their overall well-being.

What human food can seagulls eat?

Seagulls are opportunistic feeders and will consume a wide variety of food, including scraps left behind by humans.

This scavenging behavior often leads to encounters with bread, which is a common food item for many people to feed to birds.

However, there is some debate about whether or not seagulls can safely eat bread. In general, seagulls can eat bread in small quantities without any issues. Bread is not harmful to seagulls, but it should not make up a significant portion of their diet.

Too much bread can fill up a seagull’s stomach without providing the necessary nutrients, leading to malnutrition. It’s important to remember that seagulls have specific dietary needs, and bread alone does not meet those needs. Seagulls are omnivores and have a varied diet that includes fish, insects, crustaceans, and small mammals.

If they consume too much bread, they may miss out on essential nutrients found in their natural diet.

If you encounter a seagull and are wondering what human food can seagulls eat, it’s best to stick to nutritious options like cooked rice, fruits, vegetables, and small bits of cooked meat. These foods are closer to what seagulls would naturally eat in the wild and

Should you feed seagulls bread?

No, you should not feed seagulls bread. Feeding seagulls bread is harmful for several reasons:

  1. Bread lacks the necessary nutrients that seagulls need and can lead to malnutrition.
  2. A diet high in bread can cause health issues such as angel wing syndrome, where the wings of birds grow deformed due to poor nutrition.
  3. Feeding seagulls can disrupt their natural foraging behaviors, making them reliant on humans for food.
  4. It can also lead to aggressive behavior, as seagulls may become territorial around areas where they are accustomed to being fed and may attack people and other animals.
  5. The presence of seagulls attracted by food can lead to increased litter and the attraction of other unwanted animals.
  6. Seagull feces can be a nuisance and a health hazard in areas where they congregate in large numbers due to feeding.

Instead of bread, if you wish to feed birds, it is better to offer them food that is closer to their natural diet, such as seeds, legumes, and mealworms. However, it is generally recommended to allow wild birds to forage for their own food to ensure they maintain their natural behaviors and diet.

The bread you should avoid feeding seagulls

It is important to avoid feeding seagulls certain types of bread, as these can be detrimental to their health. White bread should be avoided, as it contains high sugar and fat.

That said,  let’s consider which types of bread you should avoid feeding them altogether.

Garlic bread

Garlic bread should be avoided when feeding seagulls. Garlic is a member of the onion family and can be toxic to seagulls, as it can cause digestive problems. Additionally, garlic bread contains high levels of fat (due to butter), salt, and sugar which can be dangerous for seagulls. Therefore, it is best to avoid feeding them garlic bread altogether.

Rye Bread

Rye bread is one of the healthiest bread for human consumption. However, it is not suitable for seagulls. Rye bread contains high levels of fiber, which can be difficult for seagulls to digest due to its high density.

Moldy bread

Last but not least, moldy bread should be avoided when feeding seagulls. Moldy bread can contain toxins that can be harmful to seagulls. Even though it is just a minimum amount of mold in the bread, please don’t feed it to seagulls.

Can baby seagulls eat bread?

Baby seagulls should not eat bread, as it can be difficult for them to digest since their digestive system is not yet fully developed. Moreover, bread can be a choking hazard for baby seagulls.


Before we move on to the conclusion, we’ve summarized this article into a short list of key points for you to remember:

  • Seagulls can eat bread, but it should be in moderation and high quality.
  • Brown bread and whole wheat bread are good options for seagulls.
  • Avoid feeding seagulls white bread, garlic bread, rye bread, and moldy bread.
  • Baby seagulls should not eat bread.
  • If feeding bread, ensure to break it into small pieces to make it easier for them to digest.


While seagulls can eat bread in moderation, it is important to ensure that the bread you feed them is of high quality. We all know that it is hard not to feed these birds, and they will probably come to you for food, but it is important to remember that not all types of bread are suitable for them. 

Want to learn more about seagulls?

Ready to boost your knowledge to the next level? If so, check out the articles below:


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

can seagulls drink salt water

Previous Post

Can Seagulls Drink Salt Water? (3 Minutes Read)

Next Post

Do Seagulls Attack Humans? Are They Aggressive? (Explained)

open mouthed angry seagull seagull attack human